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        八大处公园是国家AAAA级旅游景区,北京市首批重点文物保护单位,北京市精品公园,位于北京西山风景区南麓。八大处公园是一座历史悠久、文脉丰厚的佛教寺庙园林和距市中心最近的现代都市山林。

        八大处公园为太行余脉翠微山、平坡山、卢师山所环抱。方圆253公顷,最高峰海拔464米,植被覆盖率97.4%。冬季山暖风和,夏季凉爽宜人。八座古刹分别创建于唐宋元明各朝,经历代重修,迄今古建筑群仍保存完好。八座古刹和着名的“十二景”分别承载着博大精深的中国佛教文化和中国文人文化,同时也构成了八大处独具魅力的核心旅游资源和旅游景观。

        八大处最值得游览的地方有三处。一为灵光寺,中有巍然耸立的佛牙舍利塔、沧桑古朴的辽代画像千佛塔基、锦鳞嬉戏的金鱼池、气象恢宏的“罗汉墙”与“心经壁”。二为大悲寺,大雄宝殿中有元代着名雕塑家刘元塑造的十八罗汉,形神兼备、栩栩如生。三为布局严整的香界寺,佛像供器齐备。尤其可观的是大雄殿下的两通龙首龟座御碑,碑上分别镌有清代三帝康熙、乾隆、嘉庆的文墨。
    
         八大处公园每年举办两个大型传统旅游文化活动,一为春季的“北京八大处中国园林茶文化节”,二为秋季的“八大处重阳游山会”。
    
        Badachu Park, well known for its eight ancient Buddhist temples and natural scenery, is located at the south foot of the Western Hills in the suburbs of Beijing.? It covers an area of 253 hectares and its highest altitude is 464 metersl.? It has become one the first Key Cultural Relics Protection Units of Beijing since the founding of New China in 1949.
    
         Badachu Park, encircled by Cuiwei, Pingpo, and Lushi hills, the extended part of The Western Hills, is famous for both its eight well-preserved ancient temples and its twelve natural scenes.? To praise the park the ancient people compared the three hills to a ‘grand mansion’, the eight temples to the antiques in rooms, and the twelve scenes to the garden in the mansion.? It is also said that the Fragrant Hill Park is splendid for its artificial work, while Badachu is beautiful for its natural scenes, which are better than those in any of the scenic spots in the Western Hills are.
    
         Badachu enjoys warm winters and cool summers.? Owing to its fertile soil the park has a rich vegetation of over 400,000 arbor trees belong to 80 species.? 590 trees of 18 rare valuable ancient kinds grow healthily. For instance, the white bark pine in Chang’an Temple, the horse chestnut tree in Linguang Temple, the gingko in Dabei Temple and the Chinese pistache in Zhengguo Temple have all lived for over 800 years, and are still in healthy state.? Nearly 140,000 red-leaf trees, such as smoke trees, torch pines, and maples cover the whole mountain slopes with splendid redness after the autumn frost. Besides the red leaves, the blossoms of the apricot in spring, of magnolia in summer, and of the chrysanthemum in autumn, and other seasonal flower blossoms also contribute to the wonderful vegetation of the park.
    
         The eight ancient temples were first built at the end of Sui Dynasty (581—618) and the beginning of Tang Dynasty (618—907), and were renovated in Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.? Lingguang, Dabei, Xiangjie, Zhengguo temples were ordered to be built by emperors.? The tooth relic of Sykyamuni Buddha used to be kept in Zhaoxian Pagoda of Liao Dynasty, which was burned down by eight imperialist invaders in 1900.? After the founding of New China late premier Zhou Enlai approved the building of the new Buddha Tooth Pagoda.
    
         In the late 1980s the Reflecting Green Lake and the Hundred Flower Garden were built, and in the early 1900s the Climbing cable car and the First Chute slide were constructed and open to the public successively.? Later, new archways and gates to the temples, an imitation of the ancient wood structure, were also erected.? After ten years of development, the present park is better than its past and has become a first class park in Beijing. In the new century the park has built a Space Capsule, and hotels with conference centers.? The new concept of all-in-one services including dining, accommodation, travel, relaxation, entertainment and bodybuilding is introduced to meet the various demands of visitors at different consuming levels.? Badachu Park has become one the best places where Beijing residents can rest and entertain themselves.

 

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